Critical Thinking

What and plant life too. Nitrogen can come

What is Nitrogen pollution?Our environment is affected by our daily actions which affects the earth. The earth is filled with many things including land, air and water, And because of our daily actions here are some of the problems we face on earth deforestation, nuclear waste, acid rain, global warming and overpopulation. One big world problem at the moment is nitrogen pollution. Nitrogen pollution has been one of America’s largest world widespread problems for centuries. It has its pros and cons because nitrogen is what we humans breathe. In fact, it makes up 78 percent of the air we breathe, and it makes up about 3 percent of our body, but because of its over abundance it has its major effects on humans and animals. Nitrogen very needed for plant and animal growth and nourishment for many things but the overabundance of certain nitrogens in water can cause a number of adverse health and effects not only on humans but on animal and plant life too. Nitrogen can come in many forms, for example in the forms of nitrate, nitrite, or ammonium, but because of its over abundance spread nitrogen is very needed for plant growth.                   How it’s affecting us at the moment?Nitrogen pollution does not affect only the quality of the air we breathe, but also the land and the water we drink. Nitrogen is one of the most abundant element in the air and it is very essential to plant and animal life, and because of that on long island Nitrogen pollution has become a major problem. Excessive nitrogen pollution has been formed in our bays from leaks in our sewages that have caused massive fish kills, turtle deaths, and toxic algae blooms in bays and because of this it also has lead to manys closing of beaches and water bodies on Long Island. Nitrogen pollution threatens our environment in many different kinds of ways for example like our health and also our economy, and quality of our lives. As read from articles Long Island’s clean waters create jobs and generate hundreds of millions of dollars every year for our regional economy. One major cause of all the nitrogen begin produced and spread on long island is because here new Yorkers are said to be very eager to tend to their gardens and fix up their front yards for the summer months and because of that it brings us to spread and deposit of many different kinds of fertilizers to our grounds. Fertilizer is a common solution for brown spots left on the lawn from the harsh winter months, and it provides a faster and easier way for an extra boost for growing flowers in the summer right after the winter seasons. While fertilizers are used to brighten and help grass grow in the yard in the summer there are bigger kinds of consequences that the average Long Islander is totally unaware. Articles have indicated that social science researchers have conducted many experiments that have been tested by The Nature Conservancy in Long Island that there is conflicting values between Long Islanders’ fertilizer usage and their concerns about the quality of their own drinking water and waterways. From a page that a long islander made Nitrogen pollution in water is directly tied to a specific development pattern which is land use trends, fertilizer use, failing sewers, residential cesspools, and septic systems. In a very short explanation the majority result of all the nitrogen is from sewage. As already known scientists agree that harmful toxic tides are being fueled by nitrogen from wastewater, including septic tanks and cesspools.     How we long Islanders are dealing with the problem?Many Long islanders don’t even know that this is a major problem that’s been affecting animal life and drinking water for us here on long island at the moment. Here on long Island there are many bays for example the Peconic Bay, Shinnecock bay, Little Peconic bay, Shelter island sound, Gardiners bay ect. The health of theses bays has declined drastically, Because of more housing development it means more septic tanks depositing more nitrogen in the ground. The nitrogen flows for out of there to rivers and the Great South Bay which has lead there to be a major amount of algae blooms. It has decreased the salt marshes that serve as fish habitat and suppressed oxygen levels. One major threat result is that the shellfish industry has all but collapsed and the the annual harvest of hard clams, for example has fallen to more than 90 percent since 1980.After the sweeping legislation that Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo signed in April Suffolk County and other local governments in New York are hoping to deal with their absent of sewer lines, drinking water systems and other water infrastructure. The law, the Clean Water Infrastructure Act, brings $2.5 billion to a variety of projects, which are for the concerns about the safety of drinking water are growing on long island. In Suffolk County with an amount of 360,000 septic systems, Suffolk has roughly about almost the same number as all of New Jersey it self. For many years, nitrogen from leaky septic tanks has leaked into our groundwater and eventually into our rivers and bays. As said from an article from New York times “What we have been doing for decades is just managing the decline of water quality,” said Steven Bellone, the Suffolk County executive. “Every water body is listed as impaired. We have dead rivers, closed beaches, harmful algal blooms.” As can be seen long islanders have been trying to stop the major productive of nitrogen in bays and because of the new state act that was past which expands for about five years will among other things which provides a $1.5 billion in grants for water infrastructure improvements also a $75 million in rebates to help homeowners replace septic systems and a $110 million to protect land in watersheds. The money significantly expands a fund that leads for over the last few years that have made a $400 million available consumption rate to communities. In addition to the new water infrastructure financing, the state budget allows a $40 million to build two sewer systems in business districts on the North Shore in Suffolk County. And there was a $5 million for Suffolk County and the Center for Clean Water Technology at Stony Brook University to develop new methods of removing contaminants from drinking water.