Critical Thinking

This and understand the life ofa former inmate

This is a descriptive study about the ex-offenders that helps the researcher to analyzeand understand the life of ex-offenders after they are confined. After they release in the prisonand currently back to the society, they are expected to start over their lives and stop the baddeeds they have committed on the past.The proposed respondents will be at least 20 to 40 respondents.The targeted respondents are the individual who used to be criminals who havecommitted any crimes as long as they have been once a part of any justice system existing herein the General Santos City. The targeted individuals ages 18 to 50, married or not married, maleor female, and are unprosperous people who are willing to give necessary information and datathat the researcher needed on his study.According to the definition of Collins Dictionary, unprosperous means a not successful orunfortunate people who has financial problems or economically challenged.The operationalized definition of an unprosperous people are those who do not have afull access on all of the services like education, health services, etc. and people who can onlyafford to eat 3 times a day without snacks or less.The instrumentation that will be used in gathering the data will be a questionnaire usingan interview method of gathering the data. The researcher will use a questionnaire and arecorder to get the data needed in the study. Only to those respondents who are willing to helpthe researcher to gather the information to use on the researcher’s study will be interviewed.This is study is all about the life of the ex-offenders. There are many factors that canaffect their lives during their life after incarceration. There are many things to consider that canaffect their lives. The purpose of this study is to determine the factors and understand the life ofa former inmate which more likely to experience negative treatment by the society such as to bestereotype and prejudice after they are released in prison.One of the factors is their socio-economic status. Their social status in life in their currentsituation, is it very likable or are they suffering and struggling to get their life back and start overa new life? These former inmates have family and some do not have. This study can show howthey are affected by their confinement on their relationships on their family, relatives, friends, coworkers, etc. Their age during the crime have been committed and their currently age as of nowcan also has a significant in this study. It may help to determine how greatly impact for theirlives if they get too old after being released in the prison. This can be a factor for the exoffender’s life at the present. Their current situation on the present is very important. This helpsto determine whether they can be productive and be useful in our society or they are just goingto re-offend and back to prison again.3Another factor is the nature of the crime that committed by the individual. The more thecrime is likely to be more punishable, the more the chances of their change will be low or themore the crime is less punishable, the more the chances of the ex-offenders will change andstart over a new life.The nature of their crime is great factor on their present life. This could change anindividual’s situation. According to Staff, violence and drug-related crimes are more likely tohave a difficult time finding a job in the society (Staff 2016). Employer’s interest rises if theindividual has non-violent and drug-related crimes because a person has a minor related crimeand has the potential to change and can be productive like the general population in the society.Nature of the crime has a big impact on the ex-offenders life. Their employment will bedepending on the crimes they have committed on the past.Moreover, another factor is their experience during their incarceration. The dramaticincarceration of an inmate’s life is an ordeal. Even they have committed crimes, they also ahuman that needs to have a life. They have the right as a human but because of their baddeeds, they need to be rehabilitate in order to start over again. This acts results and theindividual needed to be imprisoned. During their rehabilitation, inmates experienceconsequences, from the fact that they have committed crimes, they need to repay that as a partof a justice system set by the society.According to some studies, “Prisons in the United States are for the most part remote, closedenvironments that are difficult to access and challenging to study empirically. They vary widelyin how they are structured and how they operate, making broad generalizations about theconsequences of imprisonment difficult to formulate. It is possible, however, to describe some ofthe most significant trends that occurred during the period of increasing rates of incarcerationthat affected the nature of prison life. After reviewing these trends and acknowledging the lackof national and standardized data and quality-of-life indicators, we discuss aspects ofimprisonment that have been scientifically studied. From the available research, we summarizewhat is known about the experience of prison generally, how it varies for female prisoners andconfined youth, its general psychological consequences, and the particular consequences ofextreme conditions of overcrowding and isolation, as well as the extent of participation in prisonprogramming. We also consider, on the one hand, what is known about the potentiallycriminogenic effects of incarceration and, on the other hand, what is known about prisonrehabilitation and reentry in reducing postprison recidivism” (Travis, Western, Redburn 2014).https://www.nap.edu/read/18613/chapter/1During the rehabilitation, inmates are taught to have a basic skill such as carpentry, carcare and plumbing (Staff 2016). These prepare the inmates in the re-entry in the society andbegin a new life. But in terms of changing, this might cause a problem. For a reason that theyhave committed crimes before, society viewed them as a negative. The society rejected themand they hardly cope up in their lives. Somehow, other ex-offenders manage to have a new life4because of the help of the society and their eagerness to change. But some are unfortunate andmore likely to re-offend.Life in incarceration is a life changing situation. Even for an inmate who have committeda crime that being convicted, being inside the prison in long period of time is very difficult forthem (Kamaly, Rana 2015).http://communitytimes.me/life-after-prison/Prison’s purpose is to provide an inmate a second chance to live their life and start overagain. But even if they wanted to change, some of them are too old, not able to because of anillness or too afraid to start over again (Kamaly, Rana 2015).During incarceration, convicts learn something that they needed after being confined likeplumbing, carpentry, cleaning, car care, kitchen skills, and etc. But they only choose the skillsthey wanted to provide on the inmates base on the crimes they have committed. Like forinstance, a prisoner who committed murder cannot be allowed to learn carpentry because of thereason that they can use the tools to be a weapon. This helps the inmates on their preparationwhen they are back to the society so that they can manage to start over again or to find jobeasy.(Kamaly, Rana 2015).http://communitytimes.me/life-after-prison/According to Simmons Staff, “within three years of release, 67.8 percent of ex-offendersare rearrested, and within five years, 76.6 percent are rearrested. With more than 2million External link people incarcerated in the United States, recidivism harms both the familiesof inmates and society in general, as taxpayers continue to support a broken system that setsex-offenders up to fail once they are released” (Simmons Staff 2016).”The Congressional Research Service defines recidivism as “the re-arrest, reconviction, or reincarceration of an ex-offender within a given time frame.” Because of systemic legal andsocietal barriers, once ex-offenders are released, it is more difficult for them compared to thegeneral populace to find gainful employment, secure a consistent source of housing, andgenerally function in society. Often viewed as sub-citizens, ex-offenders are perpetuallypunished for crimes. The causes of these restrictions are systemic and affect ex-offenders at alllevels of society” (James, 2016) (Simmons Staff 2016).https://socialwork.simmons.edu/blog/Prisoner-Reentry/5Life after PrisonMany ex-offenders also feel rejected by the society after being incarcerated.Stereotyped, Prejudice, and intolerance they have always experience upon being once in prison(Caroline Schmitt 2014). According to Schmitt, this affects especially those people who haveused their time in prison effectively than those who have not.According to Simmons Staff, ex-inmates have less opportunity to employment than amember of the major population in a society. “A 2002 study shows that there are more than 200employers in the Milwaukee area found that formerly incarcerated candidates with nearlyidentical professional experience as non-offenders were less than half as likely to receive joboffers” (Staff 2016). Staff stated that according to the Bureau of Justice, only 12.5 percent ofemployers said that they would accept a job application from an ex-offender. He also stated thatex-offenders that getting back to work reduces recidivism, but there are always a barrier for aprevious inmate finding a job.Moreover, Staff also stated that some of the ex-offenders have limited education whichmakes them more difficult to find employment after their confinement. According to severalstudies, “about 70 percent of offenders and ex-offenders are high school dropouts” (Staff 2016).After being confined and rehabilitate, which involvement of a criminal justice system, manyoffenders and ex-offenders are being stereotyped and viewed negatively part of society by thepeople who is former coworker in professional aspect, if they had one before, and it creates avisible gap on their resume that can make them more difficult to get an interview with aprospective employer.Fortunately for some former inmates, employers have interest on the former convicts ifthey found out that they are not involve in a violent and drug related type of crimes. As long asthe individual is drug-free and are able to do the job, this makes an employer rise their interestin hiring (Holzer et al., 2003.) (Staff 2016)  

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