Critical Thinking

The has no target for the number of

The UK government also provides incentives for
development of EV charging infrastructure 45.  The
government provides incentives for three types of charging facilities:

·        
Electric Vehicle
Homecharge Scheme (EVHS): Eligible electric vehicle homecharge scheme provides grant
funding of up to 75% of the cost of installing chargepoints (capped at
GBP 500) at domestic properties
all over the UK 45 46.

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·        
Workplace
Charging Scheme (WCS): This schemes provides eligible applicants with
support for the upfront costs of the purchase and installation of EV
chargepoints limited to GBP 300 for each socket up to a maximum of 20 across
all sites for each application 47.

·        
On-street
Residential Chargepoint Scheme (ORCS): Local authorities can use this funding scheme to benefit 75%
subsidy for the cost of installing a chargepoint and a specific parking space of an on-street residential chargepoints.
GBP
7,500 is the maximum amount of funding per charging point that Office
for Low Emission Vehicles provides 48.

 

Table 19 shows the number of charging points in UK from
2012 to 2016.

Table
19. Number of charging points in UK (2012-2016) 19

Year

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

Publicly accessible slow chargers 1

2804

5515

7431

8716

10736

Publicly accessible fast charger s2

36

176

481

1121

1523

Total

2840

5691

7912

9837

12259

 

As of march
2017, there are
currently 13 operational hydrogen refueling stations in the UK, while some are
reserved for University or research purposes 49.

Two types of FCVs is available for
purchase in UK (Hyundai ix35 FCV and
Toyota Mirai). Toyota UK said that 28 Mirai vehicles have been registered in the country as
of March 2017 since its launch in 2016 49. Table 20 shows BEV
and PHEV stock in the UK from 2012 to 2016.

Table 20.
BEV and PHEV stock in the UK (2012-2016) 19

year

Number of BEVs and PHEVs (thousands)
 

2012

5.59 (82% BEV, 18%
PHEV)

2013

9.34 (78% BEV, 22%
PHEV)

2014

24.08 (58% BEV, 42%
PHEV)

2015

48.51 (43% BEV, 578%
PHEV)

2016

86.42(36% BEV, 74%
PHEV)

 

UK’s EV
cumulative sales target by 2020 is 0.5 million vehicles 22.
UK has no target for the number of FCVs sold 50.

1.1    
Norway

Norway alongside Denmark are the two countries in the
world with the highest new car purchase taxes 9.  Generally, incentives in Norway for supporting
the deployment of EVs is stronger than incentives in countries such as France,
Japan and the USA 9 which led to Norway having
the highest electric car penetration among all countries 19.

FCV purchases in Norway are exempt of
purchase tax (which can be as high as 100 % for petrol cars) and also Zero
value added tax (25 %) 51. FCV owners can also enjoy low annual
road-tax (10 % of normal), free public parking, access to bus / taxi-lanes and
free passing through toll-roads 51. The same incentives are also
available for BEVs 19. However, the Government and
regional politicians have started to reduce the benefits for BEVs, and warned
that these supports will be gradually phased out 51.

Development of HRSs in Norway has benefited from government support. The HyNor
project in Norway was a joint industry initiative to demonstrate the real-life
implementation of a hydrogen energy infrastructure across Norway 52. This project
was a public-private partnership 53. Norway
also provides public funding for deployment of fast-charging stations every 50
km (on average) on main roads and at the same time contributes to deployment
incentives for public chargers 19.

As of October
2017, there are 6 HRSs in Norway 54. Table 21 shows the number of accessible slow and fast chargers in Norway.

Table
21. Number of accessible chargers in Norway 19

Year

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

Publicly accessible slow chargers

3688

4511

5185

5289

7105

Publicly accessible fast chargers

58

144

249

698

1052

Total

3746

4655

5434

5987

8157

 

As of October
2017, there are about 80 FCVs in Norway 54. Table 22
shows BEV and PHEV stock in Norway from 2012 to 2016.

Table
22. BEV and PHEV stock in
Norway (2012-2016) 19

year

Number of BEVs and PHEVs (thousands)
 

2012

9.89 (97%
BEV, 3% PHEV)

2013

20.37 (97% BEV, 3%
PHEV)

2014

44.21 (95% BEV, 5%
PHEV)

2015

84.18 (86% BEV, 14%
PHEV)

2016

133.26 (74% BEV, 26%
PHEV)

Uno-X Hydrogen
has the target to build 20 hydrogen refueling stations in Norway by 2020
through H2-20 project 55.
In Norway, there is also regional targets for the number of FCVs and HRSs.
Oslo-Akershus region targets to have at least 350 FCVs by the end of 2018. By
2025 the region is also targeting to have a sufficiently established HRS
network which forms a basis for a national and Nordic infrastructure for FCVs.
The target for number of FCVs will be over 10,000 56.
Norway’s target for number of electric vehicles is 50,000 by 2018 22.

1 Slow
chargers include AC Level 2 chargers (> 3.7 kW and ? 22 kW) 19

2
Fast chargers include AC 43 kW chargers, DC chargers, Tesla Superchargers and
inductive chargers 19

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