Critical Thinking

Source at all times and the driver must

Source 1 – https://www.arrivealive.co.za/Commuters-and-road-safety-in-South-Africa

In South Africa according to the law, each person is entitled to a safe public transport experience. This includes regulations such as vehicles must not be overcrowded, despite this, vehicles are still extremely overcrowded which causes a safety hazard. Women are often subjected to harassment during their time in taxis, which is against regulation stating that people should be able to travel on these services without experiencing any form of harassment. 

The article does not have an author present which can be seen as an indication of a non-reliable source, this is because to suggests that the author is not willing to stand behind their information. Another sign that this source could potentially be unreliable is that a date is not present on the web page. This means that i cannot determine when the information was put together, to determine credibility. The site can be seen as credible on the other hand as the spelling and grammar, layout and web page is professional and laid out correctly. 

Source 2 – https://repository.up.ac.za/bitstream/handle/2263/62766/Mwanyepedza_Solutions_2017.pdf?sequence=1

In South Africa, most people travel long distances to work, this is why public transport (including taxis) needs to be improved. In 1994 the ANC made a decision to focus on improving public transport to aid socio-economic growth in the country. 

According to the source, public transport in developed towns and cities has improved, however people who reside in rural areas  (around 32% of the country) still face challenges with getting around. 

This source is created by the department of economics and management at the university of Fort Hare, which is in the eastern cape. Therefore the information is valid as the authors understand the dynamic in South Africa. The project was composed in 

The source can be seen as useful as it provides many statistics that are relevant to the research i am conducting. These statistics also have been taken from reliable sources like the world bank and the department of transport. I believe the source is reliable as the authors name is available, suggesting that they stand behind what they have said. As the source is a research project, the source can be deemed credible as the author is simply compiling knowledge and does not have an opinion and therefore can not be seen as bias. 

Source 3 – https://joburg.org.za/bylaws/taxi_by-laws.pdf

Many regulations and laws have been placed on taxi drivers such as the driver of a taxi vehicle must be clean and well dressed at all times, a taxi driver must treat every passenger with respect, the owner or driver of the vehicle must keep the vehicle clean at all times and the driver must drop off the passenger at an agreed destination. From my research, I can say that these regulations are not followed. 

I believe that this source is reliable due to the fact that it is the taxi laws in South Africa and the regulations are set by the Municipal Manager Of The City Of Johannesburg. As the composers of the document are people of authority, the source has credibility. The source is seen to be useful as it lays out all the taxi regulations in an orderly fashion. 

Source 4 – https://mg.co.za/article/2013-10-04-00-the-state-of-sas-public-transport
The taxi industry industry transports around 15 million people daily, however many of these taxis have problems with dangerous driving. Around 27 people die per 10 000 taxi vehicles. This is a very high number considering that many people use taxis as their primary means of transport as they have no other choice. With this being said, the taxi industry needs to become more reliable. 

This source can be seen as reliable as a date is present – “4 October 2013”. A date improves the reliability of a source as it can be determined if information is out dated. The author of the article “Tasmin Oxford” seems to be quite knowledgable as she has written many more articles on the site and therefore can be seen as a creditable author. The spelling and grammar is consistently good throughout the article which suggests that the article is reliable, and the many statistics and quoted facts allow the article to be seen as useful. 

Source 5 – https://www.iol.co.za/saturday-star/taxis-a-mirror-to-sas-dark-side-1737856

Saturday Star suggests that taxis are not the main cause of the mass amount of road related deaths in South Africa. While 1200 people die on the road monthly in the country, most of these deaths occur due to private vehicles. In 2010 a total of 13923 people died, but only 602 deaths from taxis and 6729 from private car accidents. 

Many south Africans are unsatisfied with the fact that taxis do not have to pay tax. This is because the industry is unstructured and informal. The lack of taxes in-fact stands in place of the lack of government subsidies. A taxi driver does not actually make a huge amount of money despite not having to pay tax. On average each driver makes R750 per day, R450 of this is paid as rent to the owner of the taxi and some of the remaining amount is used to cover other expense like petrol, the small amount left from this is paid to the driver. While taxis do not pay tax they actually greatly contribute to tax earnings in south Africa. This is because taxi drivers pay the fuel levy when the purchase petrol and transports commuters to work to earn money so that they can in turn pay taxes on their salaries. 

This source is written by a news sight and therefore could be seen as biased, depending on the opinions of the news company. The article was published on the 19th of august 2014, so the information presented in the article is still fairly recent and therefore useful. The layout of the website and the information given seems to be laid out professionally, which also gives the impression that the information is reliable.