Critical Thinking

In Claudius, like the instance in Act 3

   In Hamlet,the author  portrays a foil between Fortinbras and Hamlet. Fortinbras.  Fortinbras’ character traits  bring out both the imperfect and idyllic qualities out of Hamlet throughout the play.Fortinbras and Hamlet are the Prince of their own country. Both have  lost their fathers’ and wanted to take vengeance for them..The differences between them is that Fortinbras acts more quickly in the revenge on his father. Fortinbras’s plan  didn’t involve in killing people but for Hamlet, his revenge  killed many others lives that was supposedly close to him .They both  had seeked to reclaim the throne, power  and avenge their father’s deaths.         Even though they had similar backgrounds,  their distinctiveness came into play to show Hamlet’s vulnerability. The disparity  lies in their purpose; Hamlet wants to kill Claudius for personal reasons ,while Fortinbras strives to rebuild his father’s kingdom by leading army of strong men into battle, and tries to conquer the land of Poland.It shows their inaction vs action, while Hamlet is doing this for personal reasons,he is tied down by his morality  and hesitates to kill Claudius, like the instance in Act 3 Scene 3, Instead of taking advantage of the only moment Hamlet has alone with Claudius, Hamlet overthinks the  whole situation and makes up an excuse for himself to not kill Claudius, which was that he believed murdering him now as he is praying would send him to heaven. Fortinbras on the other hand, takes action while Hamlet has no self motivation and wastes his time in a state of madness.While Hamlet has to create a plan against Claudius efficiently  and carefully, Fortinbras is able to lead his army and plan openly. Hamlet battles with his own emotions towards the people that are guilty or untruthful  and admires Fortinbras with his ability to focus his anger in reclaiming  the land he lost and is a man that takes action for what he believes in.He compares himself to Fortinbras when he encounters  Fortinbras’ army and he sees Fortinbras as a  role model for how he should behave. “To be great / is not to stir without great argument / but greatly to find quarrel in a straw / when honor’s at the stake” (Act 4 scene 4 56- 59).Meaning, Hamlet acknowledges that Fortinbras doesn’t have very good reasons for leading an army against Poland, which is useless land that nobody wants.Hamlet wishes to be  like Fortinbras and because of this,we see Hamlet’s flaws through his indecisiveness and inability to act quickly.     The foil between Fortinbras and Hamlet presents one major theme which is revenge. Fortinbras wants to avenge his father’s death  by building an army that would overrule Denmark. Fortinbras is a person  that will  hesitate to get revenge on those who murdered his father. He  gave us an insight of someone seeking revenge in this play. Fortinbras is able to take action to get what he wants. His father’s death gave him determination and self motivation to honor  his father .Unlike Fortinbras, Hamlet just griefed over his father’s death and  continued  to express his hatred towards Claudius and vowed to avenge the Ghost of  King Hamlet’s murder, but does not take  action in it.In contrast to Hamlet’s inclusiveness, Fortinbras knows what he wants and makes it happen. His personality is opposite to Hamlet’s who over thinks what he wants to do too much, without going through with the plan.In the end, it’s Fortinbras’s strategy allows him to get what he wants without killing  anyone really or having to do anything.   Although most of Fortinbras’s Traits are different from Hamlet, his traits motivated Hamlet to improve himself .He Idolized Fortinbras and respected him so much. Shakespeare shows the foil between Fortinbras and Hamlet in his style of writing.