Critical Thinking

Ethical and the outcomes would be dire.?Consequentialism is

Ethical Dilemma In life, certain situations often occur to test our ethical decision making abilities. Ethical dilemma is a decision-making contradiction involving two moral situations where none is the most preferable. There are various ethical theories that help in making decisions when one comes across an ethical dilemma. The ethical theories include deontology, Consequentialism, virtue, and nature law. Consequentialism maintains that the morality of a decision is based on its outcome, while deontological ethics supports that every human has an obligation, which he or she should use when making decisions. In the past, I experienced an ethical dilemma that forced me to make a decision, which was followed the Consequentialism and deontological ethical theories. Ethical DilemmaMy ethical dilemma consisted of whether or not to report my best friend who had started doing drugs. When I found out about it, Mercy defended herself saying she was performing better in school as the drugs helped her stay awake for longer while studying.ConsequentialismI knew that Mercy was struggling to excel in academics. On various occasions, teachers had urged her to work harder. Having witnessed her struggle I almost let her continue, as she only took very little. On the other hand, I knew if she continuedusing the drugs would ruin her life so I chose to tell her parents about it.  Letting Mercy smoke and excel in her studies would have been an option to the ethical dilemma. However, I used decided to go against her wishes and inform her parents as letting her take drugs was an avenue to ruining her life and the outcomes would be dire.?Consequentialism is a school of ethics that maintains that an act is only ethically or morally right if the conclusion is good. The ethical theory judges the correctness of an action through its outcome (Nguyen, Basuray, Smith, Kopka,  & McCulloh, 2008). Utilitarianism and hedonism are part of Consequentialism. Utilitarianism states that an act is only right when the outcomes of the act seek to gratify the need of the greater good. Hurley(2014) maintains that the only intrinsic bad is pain while intrinsic good is pleasure. In utilitarianism the actions that would produce pain or pleasure as long as they are for the outcome is good then the action is ethical (Lumer, 2010). In this ethical dilemma, I used utilitarianism to make my decision. Similar to the ethical principle, the decision may have not been simple but my intentions were true and appealing. The greatest happiness for the greater number in the dilemma is the outcome is Mercy’s ability to let go of the drugs. Education may be important but not as special as any one’s life. By choosing to report Mercy, I was certain that she would experience the pain of betrayal but she would end up obtaining help, recover, and become a great person. Mercy’s wellness would be a greater good as all people around Mercy are affected directly or indirectly by her wellness. Despite lacking to excel in academics as she had wished her life would become better through improved decision-making. In the dilemma, hedonism utilitarianism was also used in coming up with a decision. According to Milkoreit (2015),hedonism is whereby one state of affair is better than anotheronly when the consequences of the action lead to overall pain and pleasure. The decision to tell on Mercy’s use of drugs to her parents hurt her and caused her so much pain. Additionally, she experienced withdrawal symptoms for not taking the drugs circumstances that brought her greater pain. Furthermore, the decision I made to report her brought pleasure to her parents and teachers in our school. Teachers were particularly happy because Mercy got help before it was too late. The pleasure was also evident in the teachers as they paid Mercy’s counseling sessions to help her overcome the issue. Having brought pain and pleasure, the dilemma led to hedonistic utilitarianism. DeontologyDeontology is a part of the ethical theories. The deontological theory maintains that people have duties and obligations to others when making decisions. The theory holds that a person has to follow his or her roles to another in a society as upholding one’s obligation is ethically correct. On the other hand, the ethical theory does not offer a guideline on individual responsibilities. On certain occasions, duties may be in conflict affecting one’s ability to meet his or her obligations (Milkoreit, 2015).  The moral principle also supports that humans are objects of inherent moral value. Consequently, in a situation humans are not a means to an end but the end. Humans were created in the image of God; therefore, they have the authority to be an end to a difficult situation. The Deontological ethical principles also support universality of deontological decisions (Lumer, 2010). Therefore, a solution to a particular moral problem should be applicable to all people in similar situations across the globe. The deontological principles of ethics do not give conditions such as if you want to achieve pleasure then one should do certain things. Deontological ethics keeps moral statements such as do not kill. The principle does not have any conditions attached to it (Milkoreit, 2015).  In the dilemma, I partly used the deontological ethical principle. Mercy is my childhood friend. Therefore, I felt it was my obligation to help her from getting too deep into drugs. The decision to report her drug problem to her parents and teachers was the only good thing I could have done for Mercy. Additionally, before making the difficult decision I knew it was my duty to inform Mercy that education is important but it is not worth dying for, because the path she had chosen would lead to her death. As her friend, I did not think about the consequences of my action. Having been friends for many years I knew the decisions I made would please her parents, as they knew it was my duty to protect Mercy. My only thought was that it was my duty to take care of my friend even if it meant going against her wishes. ?Ethical dilemmas are inevitable and it is imperative for an individual to learn the ethical principles before making decisions. On the other hand, for those who lack the chance to learn about ethical principles proper judgment of a situation is necessary. Mercy’s use of drugs to excel in her academics was an issue I battled before I made my decision. Having learned ethical principles, I still believe I made the right decision to save a life. Going back, I would have made the same decision. The ethical principles study has allowed given me a chance to self-discovery. Consequential and deontological ethical principles are imperative when making decisions

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