Critical Thinking

Emmanuel, Democratic Republic. The average people in each

Emmanuel, a child who lives in Africa, is suffering from famine. He lies unconscious on the dirt floor of a one room house. His skin his shriveled around his bones. Emmanuel’s parents are also battling the economic downfall, and never ending wars of africa. The family desperately ask anyone in their village for some help in any way to help their son. It’s not that they don’t want to help him, they all are in the same situation as them. Luckily the mother’s brother has enough money for him. Emmanuel’s parents put him on a stretched and carry him to the nearest hospital. They walk seventeen days almost nonstop, stopping at villages and getting some of whatever is left of the water source. When they make it to the hospital they barely have room for him. Hopefully they had enough milk to keep him alive, but things aren’t looking good for him. The doctors were unable to save Emmanuel, and he died from the evil clutches of famine. A child dies from a hunger related cause every ten seconds. Together if we could fix soil in our own countries we could help prevent innocent people from dying. According to Worldometer, the population of Greece is 11,142,161, 79% is urban, 21% is rural. The government is a Parliamentary Representative Democratic Republic. The average people in each household in Greece is 2.6 Much of the land is uncultivated, about 70%. Most of the land is covered in forests and mountains and it faces a hot summer and a mild winter, which is called a Mediterranean climate, all that was said was by Worldometer  (Greece Population, 2018). According to the article “Greece – Agriculture.””Greece’s agricultural sector suffers from a lack of many natural resources. … Agriculture is centered in the plains of Thessaly, Macedonia, and Thrace, where corn, wheat, barley, sugar beets, cotton, and tobacco are harvested. Greece’s low rainfall, its rural land ownership system, and the emigration of the rural community into urban areas or abroad are factors that hold back the growth of the agricultural sector. In 1998 agriculture accounted for only 8.3 percent of GDP.” (Greece – Agriculture, 2018)Fishing used to be a big part of the economy, but the pollution of the Mediterranean put a huge impact on it. Livestock is very important and is easy because of all the grazing land. The soil in Greece is really bad, therefore, the crops produced are limited. What makes the soil bad consists of silt, sand, limestone. According to Mark Cartwright in “Food & Agriculture in Ancient Greece.” He said “There is evidence of crop rotation, and fields were left fallow to allow soil nutrients to regenerate and moisture to build up. In more pressing times some fields would have been used continuously throughout the year or planted with multiple crops at the same time.” (Cartwright Mark, 24 Jan 2018). Even though the soil was left to rebuild nutrients, it was already too depleted. Cartwright also says ” Small plots (are) used for growing fruit and vegetables are …  irrigated with small water channels and cisterns.”(Cartwright Mark, 24 Jan 2018). According to Knoema in “Greece Fertilizer Consumption” it says “In 2014, fertilizer consumption for Greece was 157.2 kilograms per hectare.”(Knoema, 2018). But the soil is too bad it didn’t help much. Jj and Haley says in “Greece – Demographic Trends.””The demographic profile of Greece is similar to that of other developed countries: a low birth rate and an increase in the proportion of elderly people. Fertility rates per 1,000 inhabitants are continuously falling in Greece: 18.9 in 1960, 16.5 in 1970, 15.4 in 1980, 10.7 in 1988, and 9.5 in 1998 (Statistical Year Book of Greece). According to the United Nations’ population projection, Greece has one of the lowest fertility rates in Europe (1990–1995). The average number (fertility rate) of children per woman between the ages of fifteen and forty-four in Greece was 1.32 in 1995. In all European countries, fertility rates in the same year were 1.43 children per woman. The fertility rates in urban and rural areas of Greece are now the same.” (Jj and Haley, 2018)According to Chronia Polla in the article “Living in Greece” she says “The average monthly salary in Greece is 780 euros per month, which is $932.77 in American money. The average wage grew 6.2%.” (Polla Chronia, 2017) They have fewer schools in Greece because the fertility rate is so low. Because of their large livestock economy, their food is pretty plentiful. The issue is in the plants and also in the climate volatility. The problem with the plants is that the soil is so poor that it’s hard for the soil to hold nutrients. In some places the soil is made of silt, this causes water to collect due to it having bad filtration. This is not good, the wintering seasons have a lot of precipitation and it would flood out the soil. Too much water isn’t good for the soil. However, having it too dry also isn’t good for it either, as Greece experiences this in their summers. Dry soil cracks and turns dusty as we experienced this in the U.S. during the Great Depression, this was known as the Dust Bowl. The sandy soil filters too easy and cannot hold much water. The severity of this issue is bad but not that bad. Greece has other food sources such as, livestock and fish. It doesn’t seem like there is much being done in Greece about this issue. Not having a lot of farming goods hurts the economy because most of their fruits and vegetables have to be imported. If they could solve this problem the Greek society would be self-reliant, and that would only benefit them. They could also sell their excess goods to boost their economy. But the disadvantage of this would be more jobs. This to Americans would seem like great news but not to Greeks. In Greece the fertility rate is low which means more of the population is elderly. And in a society with low fertility rates would mean that there would be too many jobs and not enough workers. This would encourage minorities to move to Greece, which could be a good thing. According to Phil Nauta in “How To Improve Clay Soil And Improving Sandy Soil” he states “The answer is the same for both: organic matter. Compost is what I’m generally referring to. Amend soil with 6 inches of good compost. Work it right into the top of a clay soil and it will improve infiltration and will probably improve the amount of air and water available to your plants.” (Nauta Phil, 10 Feb. 2017)  I don’t have a major in agriculture but I believe that it could be solved with the right compost. I would have to hire specialist to help and order all of the soil. This project would have to be done by a non-profit organization and funded by donors. I might be able to get the Greek government to donate some money. Now that we solved this crisis the same thing can be implemented on countries with the same problems as Greece. And this will lead to an excess of food which then can be taken to africa and sold to transport water into africa. Then children and even adults will not suffer from the evil clutches of famine. And the world would be a happier, better place. Works Cited Cartwright, Mark. “Food & Agriculture in Ancient Greece.” Ancient History Encyclopedia 24 Jan 2018, www.ancient.eu/article/113/food–agriculture-in-ancient-greece/.”Greece – Agriculture.” Encyclopedia of the Nations, www.nationsencyclopedia.com/economies/Europe/Greece-AGRICULTURE.html#ixzz53pZZqoGf.”Greece Fertilizer Consumption, 1960-2017.” Knoema, 2018, knoema.com/atlas/Greece/Fertilizer-consumption.”Greece Population (LIVE).” Greece Population (2018) – Worldometers, 2018, www.worldometers.info/world-population/greece-population/.”Hunger and World Poverty.” Poverty.com – Hunger and World Poverty, www.poverty.com/.Jj, and Haley. “Greece – Demographic Trends.” Family, Development, Women, and Family – JRank Articles, 2018, family.jrank.org/pages/741/Greece-Demographic-Trends.html.Nauta, Phil. “How To Improve Clay Soil And Improving Sandy Soil.” Smiling Gardener, 10 Feb. 2017, www.smilinggardener.com/lessons/how-to-improve-clay-soil-and-sandy-soil/.Polla, Chronia. “Jobs in Greece.” Living in Greece, 29 July 2007, livingingreece.gr/2007/07/29/examples-of-jobs-and-salaries-in-athens/.”Soil Quality Information.” Penn State Extension, 8 Nov. 2017, extension.psu.edu/soil-quality.”The World Factbook: GREECE.” Central Intelligence Agency, Central Intelligence Agency, 3 Jan. 2018, www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gr.html.

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