Critical Thinking

CLEAN to establish a healthy society by managing

CLEAN TO GREEN SOCIETY BY USING ENVIRONMENT FRIENDLY TECHNOLOGY AND ITS
IMPACT ON HEALTH

 

Dr. Sunita
Pachori, Reshma Rodrigues

 

Mumbai
University, Thakur College of Engineering and Technology, Department Of Humanities
and Sciences,

Thakur
Village, Kandivali (E), Mumbai, India

[email protected]

 

Mumbai University, Abhinav
College, Department of Chemistry

Goddev Naka, Bhayander (E), Thane,
India

[email protected]

 

Abstract:

Environmental
technology or clean technology is that the application of ecology, chemistry,
environmental compliance and automated strategies to observe, model and
conserve the natural atmosphere and resources, and to curb the negative impacts
of human involvement. The new and unmet wants of society symbolize a lot of
comprehensive information, understanding, and technologies for society to move
towards a healthy atmosphere. Currently, use and disposal of plastic by
residents through waste management activities in complicated not solely creates
environmental issues, however conjointly reinforces the notion of a wasteful
society. The paper proposes the issues long-faced by residents in society and
addresses these issues by innovative  
techniques. New technologies involve humans in a larger means than
standard technologies and thereby empower them by giving them responsibilities
and avenues to realize, learn and progress. The study was carried out to establish
a healthy society by managing waste disposal within the society. Survey was
carried out to find out the amount of waste disposed and electricity used based
on different parameters like number of people living in the house, electricity
bill etc. Awareness was created among the residents in the society. Organic
waste processor was installed as a part of waste management programme.

 

Keywords: Green
technology, environment, organic waste processor, waste management,
electricity, health and hygiene.

 

Introduction:

Green
technologies are the new innovative ideas to be implemented for a healthy environment.
It is a path discovered to improve global economy and environmental crisis by
developing new products, systems used to conserve the natural environment and
resources. Green Technology minimizes the degradation of the nature; It has lesser
greenhouse gas (GHG) emission making the nature safe.1

 

Green
technologies have the potential to give birth to sectors which were previously
not thought of. Particularly at the time of global economic slowdown and
environmental crisis we need to create paths which can improve the economy and
the environment. Green Technology gives us an opportunity to combine the two.
We can see a very relevant example that of waste disposal. Waste disposal is
one of the ways where we can save environmental pollution. It requires
reduction at source, recycling and reusing, thus resulting into a clean
environment. On a normal people in a cleaner situation have better efficiencies
and a more beneficial and enabled life than individuals in inverse conditions. Eco-friendly
technologies have had nice impact on communities of the areas wherever they
need been enforced. Atmosphere-friendly techniques facilitate to keep the
environment clean and which might profit society financially, physically and
mentally.

 

 

Few
advantages of using green technologies are

a)      
It
does not discharge anything harmful into the air

b)      
It
can bring monetary benefits to certain areas

c)      
Requires
less effort so we don’t have to spend a lot of capital to run it

d)      
it
can slow the effects of global warming by reducing CO2 Emissions.

 

Disadvantages
to adopting green technologies are

a)      
High
functioning cost

b)      
Lack
of knowledge

c)      
option
for chemical or raw material inputs is not known

d)      
No
known alternative process technology

e)      
Uncertainty
about performance impact

f)       
Lack
of human resources and skills.

 

In
addition to raise consumer alertness of their water use, meter system is also
an important way to spot and limit water leakage. Water metering would profit
society in the long run it is proven that water metering increases the competence
of the entire water system, as well as help needless expenses for individuals
for years to come.

 

Methods:

A
survey was conducted to learn the level of awareness in people about the green
technology. This survey helped us in making a team of intellectuals who are
specialised in different domain and contribute for keeping housing society
clean and green. Teachers gave theoretical knowledge, Businessmen were ready to
give the financial support and they helped us in arranging the resources. Society
took the permission from government authorities for implementation of proposed
schemes. We received an overwhelming response from residents. Flash mobs were
arranged on different occasion to make it informative.

 

Survey Details:

52
flats of Salasar Brij Bhoomi Housing Society in Bhayander (West) were taken
into observation. Survey form was prepared for knowing the level of awareness
about environment by considering the following criterias:

 

1.      
Total
number of family members

2.      
Electricity
consumption in winter and summer

3.      
Use
of electrical appliances (Star rating)

4.      
Segregation
of waste

5.      
Ways
you are contributing to keep your society clean and green

6.      
Revenue
generation for the procuring the needs of the society

7.      
Tree
plantation and its survival

8.      
Festival
celebrations using eco friendly items

 Organic Waste
Processor Installed in The Society:

Salasar
Brij Bhoomi Housing Society in Bhayander (West) implemented a measure to reduce
waste disposal by segregating the daily waste into dry waste which includes
plastic, metals etc and wet waste (kitchen waste like cooked food, vegetables,
fruits, rice starch etc). The wet waste was collected in “Organic waste
processor”. OWP is a BioCNG plant where good bacteria breakdown the organic
material in the absence of air producing cooking gas and organic manure. The
BioCNG plant runs without electricity.3 Process Description
of OWP:

After
segregating the waste the larger waste is passed through the shredder after
which it enters the digester which the decomposition takes place. It takes
15-17 days to convert the waste into manure which is also called as
“Biofertilizer”. This Biofertilizer is used in gardening etc.

Problems
faced by society in implementation of techniques were lack of awareness among
residents, less cooperation, lack of 100% literacy, lack of self motivation.

 

Discussion and
Conclusion

 

In 2016 initial
survey was conducted for identification of problem faced by residents of
society and tried to fill the gap by interacting with the society and
residents. Meetings were conducted and association was formed with the group of
people specialised in various domains. Suggestions were taken from different
age groups and planning
was done addressing the various issues faced by residents. Major issues taken
into consideration were water, electricity, organic waste, cleanliness and
health & hygiene.

 

The
first major concern was water saving. Earlier water was supplied for 2 hours in
a day. Supply of water was reduced to 30 minutes every day. We were able to
saving approximately 45% of water consumption daily. The second major concern
was electricity saving. Though the occupants were not sure about the success of
installing solar panels for saving electricity, after installation they were
happy about reduction of electricity bill. Hence the idea of implementation of
solar panels was successful. Third major issue was disposal of waste at individual
level. Awareness was created by hybrid groups of society comprising of youth
and adults of various professions along with MBMC (Mira-Bhayander Municipal
corporation) professionals. Idea of installing organic waste processor was
proposed and finalised. To install the OWP, “Raddi selling campaign” was
initiated for revenue generation without creating additional burden on the
residents of the society. Fourth major concern was clean and green society
supporting “Clean India” campaign.  Flash mobs were
organised in the society for cleanliness awareness on weekends and during
holidays. A association was formed to observe the cleanliness of the society.
Trees were planted and survival was monitored on weekly basis. Last major concern
as health and hygiene which was addresses by medical professionals by arranging
health checkups camps free of cost twice a year.

 

Future Scope:

1.      
By
saving water today the society is contributing their bit towards the water
scarcity issue.

2.      
By
installing solar panels and using solar power the usage cost will be
drastically reduced and the installation cost will be recovered in the long
run.

3.      
Revenue
can be generated by selling the compost and cooking gas can be self utilized or
sold.

4.      
By
maintaining clean and green environment, health and hygiene we can have a
healthy long life and inculcating good habits in future generation.