1. Location and
Connectivity: What are the absolute and relative locations of the region or
subregion you have selected? What is the connectivity of this region to others?
The absolute location of the St Lawrence Lowlands in the
French Canada region are a latitude of 45.333 and a longitude of 73.500. In
regards to relative location, the states of Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont of
the Maritime Northeast are located to the southeast, New York state of the
American Core is located to the south west, and the Northern Frontier region,
including the rest of the provinces of Quebec and Ontario, borders the St Lawrence
Lowlands to the North. The connectivity of this region to others is quite
accessible. Because it is physically connected to other regions, the St
Lawrence Lowlands can be accessed by virtually any mode of transportation.
People can chose to travel by car and train, and having the St Lawrence River
allows access by boat. Being that there are two large cities, Montreal and
Quebec City, the Quebec City Jean Lesage International Airport makes it
possible for anyone to visit the city as long as they have a passport.
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Characteristics: How would you describe the climate, physiography, landscape,
and natural hazards of the region or subregion you have selected? Ensure you
address at least three of the physical characteristics listed above for the
purposes of this worksheet.
The climate of the St Lawrence Lowlands is one which
experiences all four seasons and a variety of weather patterns. Summer is
generally hot and humid, experiencing an average temperature of 74?F for a high
and 54?F for a low. Although the high temperatures appear mild compared to that
of other regions, the humidity makes it feel much hotter. Winter in the region
is cold and snow and wind are a common occurrence. The average high temperature
during winter is 23?F while the average low is 7?F. Spring and autumn are both
mild in terms of temperature and weather, allowing flowers to start blooming
and birds to return to the area in the spring while autumn brings changes to
the foliage, bursting in shades of red, orange and yellow. The area is not
without rain, which most predominantly occurs in November and December.
The landscape seen in the St Lawrence Lowlands includes the
St Lawrence River, rolling hills and plentiful forests. The soil in the area is
cultivated for multiple resources, including clay and sand and gravel, which is
utilized for agriculture. The landscape having such favorable conditions along
with a rather mild climate brought many people to area and growing through
urbanization. The St Lawrence River, which is part of the boundary between the
United States and Canada, is a primary outlet of the Great Lakes Basin into the
Atlantic Ocean. (Wikipedia) The region is also has a beautiful variety of
vegetation, forests filled with a variety of trees, including maple, ash, beech
Location and climate both lead to a variety of natural
hazards in the St Lawrence Lowlands. December through April are the most
turbulent times and multiple weather events can cause devastating consequences
to land, property and people. Several
Nor’Easters that began further south affected the northern Atlantic regions.
The infamous Storm of the Century in March of 1993, started in the Gulf of
Mexico, and the weather system pushed north causing multiple snow storms along
the way, with Montreal getting over 16 inches of snow. Another Nor’Easter
occurred in April of 2007 and the St Lawrence Lowlands experienced flooding and
power outages, and 18 people ended up losing their life. The cold weather
during the winter months can bring ice storms and blizzards. During the spring
and summer, the Lowlands have suffered floods which can contaminate drinking
water and damage property. While summer does offer more favorable conditions,
wind storms that may include intense thunderstorms have happened. Living near a
rather wooded area can cause trees to come down, causing property damage and
even death to those caught in the middle.
Characteristics: What are the language families/groups, religions, races, and
cultures of the region or subregion you have selected? What is the population
density and economic development of the region or subregion?
Since 1974, French has been the official language of the
Province of Quebec, including that which is located in the St Lawrence
Lowlands. Today, French is the main language for 78% of the population. While
most of the citizens are bilingual in both French and English, English is only
the main language for 7% of the population. The Lowlands have experienced a
variety of immigrants, bringing with them their own language and culture. Other
languages spoken include: Italian, Spanish, Polish and Arabic. The primary
religion practiced in Roman Catholicism due to settlers coming from France and
eventually Britain, but in 1760 the British government approved of the freedom
to practice other religions, opening the door for new faiths to enter the
region. Irish Catholicism arrived in the 1840’s and 1850’s when Irish
immigrants arrived. Both World Wars brought immigrants from a multitude of
countries and regions, eventually leading to all major religions being
practiced. While 90% of the population of Quebec is of French and British
descent, the first race of people were those of the First Nation race. French,
and eventually British, settlers pushed the vast majority of the aboriginal
population out of the area. People from Eastern European countries, Portugal,
Greece and Haiti also began to settle in Quebec, bringing pieces of their own
cultures and integrating into their new lives. In the 1970’s, immigrants began
to arrive from Africa and Asian, especially from Southeast Asia. With so many
people from such a variety of countries, Montreal, Quebec City and the
surrounding towns has become a diverse and colorful hub.
The population density in the St Lawrence Lowlands has 6.56
million people residing in an area that is roughly 200 miles long by 60 miles
wide, from Quebec City to Montreal. Until recently, the economy and job growth
of Quebec trailed rest of Canada, but has turned itself around. Natural resources
and energy production are plentiful – hydro-electric energy is abundant and the
overflow is exported to other areas. Agriculture, mainly along the St Lawrence
River, provide many resources, such as clay to be made into bricks and tiles,
and sand and gravel are put towards road metal and construction equipment. The
manufacturing sector has a good business of making air traffic control
equipment. Quebec also produces software, subway trains and air purifiers, to
name a few of their products. Montreal’s economy benefits from their strong
business in space and aeronautics, telecommunications, and energy. Since 2000,
Montreal has also been leading in information technology, telecommunications
and biopharmaceuticals. With a strong economy, Quebec exports 40% of their
total product outcome, including electricity due to their surplus, equipment
for telecommunications and transportation, and minerals from mining. Tourism
also keeps Quebec’s economy strong due to plentiful outdoor activities,
beautiful scenary and a variety of festivals.
Human/Environmental Interactions: How do the physical and human characteristics
interact to produce notable observations of the landscape in the region or
subregion you have selected?
The St Lawrence Lowlands have favorable conditions and
characteristics to create a comfortable living environment for people. The land
has great natural resources for agriculture, the climate allows for farming and
the location permits for easy access for people visiting or moving to the area.
While the province of Quebec has over 8 million people, the conditions of the
St Lawrence Lowlands keep 4/5 of the population in that small area. The
multiple cities, such as Montreal and Quebec City, and small towns being in a
rather small area creates a diverse and bustling region that attracts new
residents and tourists alike. There are numerous parks that allow people to
enjoy and appreciate the outdoors and keep some of the natural beauty. People
have altered the landscape to build an urban area where people can live and the
region enjoys a rich economy, but also keeps some of the original landscape,
such as forests and hills and mountains.
5. Movement: With how
much ease and ability do ideas, goods, and people flow in and out of the region
or subregion you have selected? What drives this movement?
The flow in and out of the region of ideas, goods and people
is rather effortless. Due to its economy, natural resources and manufacturing
sector, many products are exported. The Lowlands IT and telecommunications fields
began to take off in 2000, eventually developing into a frontrunner in both
fields and an area with innovative and sought after ideas and technology. Both
these fields being in the position that they are allow for ideas to pass to and
from other regions and different countries. Having large cities with a diverse
population brings new ideas and ways of thinking, helping to appeal to
different areas and groups of people. People also flow in and out of the area
with immigration, moving and tourism. The St Lawrence Lowlands offers a lot of
desirable activities and natural beauty for tourists, including festivals,
historic landmarks, parks and recreational activities. People from other
countries or other provinces move into the area, bringing fresh talent, taking
care of a labor shortage and new ideas.